|Last Updated||08/21/2021 01:22
by Matthew Woerly
SVFR (covered in 7110.65 Chapter 7 Section 5) is intended to allow an aircraft to enter/exit an area visually when weather is below VFR minimums. This is especially useful when the weather conditions are localized and clearer weather is nearby.
SVFR is only available under the following conditions:
Weather minimums are "clear of clouds", and 1 statute mile visibility, as defined by:
Note that the visibility requirements do not apply to helicopters.
CLEARED TO ENTER/OUT OF/THROUGH, (name) SURFACE AREA, MAINTAIN SPECIAL V−F−R CONDITIONS AT OR BELOW (altitude below 10,000 feet MSL).
Do not assign a fixed altitude when applying vertical separation, but clear the SVFR aircraft at or below an altitude which is at least 500 feet below any conflicting IFR traffic but not below the MSA prescribed in 14 CFR Section 91.119.
Local operations are also possible as long as the aircraft can be recalled if traffic or weather requires:
LOCAL SPECIAL V−F−R OPERATIONS IN THE IMMEDIATE VICINITY OF (name) AIRPORT ARE AUTHORIZED UNTIL (time). MAINTAIN SPECIAL V−F−R CONDITIONS.
SVFR also allows climbs to VFR conditions.
CLIMB TO V−F−R WITHIN (name) SURFACE AREA/WITHIN (a specified distance) MILES FROM (airport name) AIRPORT, MAINTAIN SPECIAL V−F−R CONDITIONS UNTIL REACHING V−F−R.
Apply non-radar or visual separation between:
Apply non-radar, visual, or IFR radar separation between: